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Factors Predicting Quality of Life for People with Intellectual Disabilities: Results from the ANFFAS-study in Italy

Abstract Background: This study describes the socio-demographic, clinical and functional characteristics of a representative sample of services users in Italy. The supports provided by formal agencies, natural networks and actual levels of quality of life (QoL) were assessed. Methods: 1,285 individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) served by 23 different services participated to the study. The influence of availability of support strategies, environmental factors, client characteristics, personal desires and goals, and support needs on the current QoL status was investigated using multiple regression. Results: QoL outcomes were significantly explained by support needs, client characteristics, personal goals and desires, and marginally by the presence of support strategies and environmental factors. Further, only a minor effect was found from support activities for general QoL outcomes. Conclusions: the results confirmed that the personal outcomes could be predicted providing support activities aligned to the specific personal needs and goals, confirming the importance of Personal Centered Planning process.